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Malacca



                                      

Situated on the southwest of Peninsular Malaysia with an area of 658 sq km, Melaka is the most historical state in Malaysia. Melaka was founded by Parameswara, a Hindu prince banished from Sumatra, in 1400, Since then, Melaka had become an international seaport with merchant ships arriving from China, India, Middle East, etc. 1511, Melaka was occupied by the Portuguese. 1641, it was taken over by the Dutch until the British took it over in 1824. During the World War II, Melaka was under the Japanese rule from 1942 to 1945.

Tunku Abdul Rahman, the nation’s first prime minister, read out the Proclamation for Independence at Bandar Hilir here on 20th February 1956. Melaka today still boasts many well preserved historic sites, including Cheng Hoon Teng, the oldest Chinese temple in the country (built in 1646), Hang Li Po Well (1459), a 600-year old mosque and Hang Kasturi Mausoleum.

Within the town are the ruins of St Paul’s Church, A Famosa and numerous buildings and churches from the Dutch colonial era.

Tourists can also visit the Baba & Nyonya museum in the town to appreciate the priceless heritage of the ‘Straits Chinese’.

Other than structures of historical values, Melaka also offers a number of splendid beaches and islands such as Pulau Besar, Pulau Upeh, Klebang, Tanjung Bidara, Tanjung Kling and Pantai Kundur. Malacca Area around1 683 sq km.


Places Of Interest

1. Portuguese Square
Located within the Portuguese Settlement, the Portuguese Square is the culmination of Portuguese culture in its full splendour and colours.

2. St. Paul's Church
Built by Duarte Coelho, a Portuguese captain, the chapel was turned by the Dutch into a burial ground for their noble dead. It was renamed ‘St. Paul’s Church’ from the Portuguese ‘Our Lady Of The Hill’.

3. Christ Church
Built in 1753, Christ Church is testimony to Dutch architectural ingenuity with its handmade pews, ceiling beams constructed without joints, Brass Bible, tombstone written in Armenian and ‘Last Supper’ in glazed tiles.

4. The Stadthuys
Built in 1650 as the official residence of Dutch Governors and their officers, the Stadthuys is a fine example of Dutch architecture. Preserved in its original structure and form, the building now houses the Historic Museum and Ethnography Museum

5. Jonker Street
Jalan Hang Jebat, formerly known as Jonker Street, is globally known as one of the best places to hunt for bargain antiques. Authentic artifacts and relics, some dating as far back as 300 years, can be found here.

6. Hang Li Poh's Well Built in 1459 by the followers of Hang Li Poh, the well was the only source of water supply during the great droughts. The Dutch enclosed it with stout walls in 1677 to maintain its unique right to the well. It is said that those throwing coins into the well will return to Malacca over and again. The oldest Chinese temple in Malaysia, Cheng Hoon Teng was built in 1646 with materials shipped out of China. Fine workmanship is evident in the ornately decorated mythological figures, carvings, and lacquer work inside the temple.

Bukit China was the the official settlement of the Chinese entourage arriving with Princess Hang Li Poh who was married to the Malacca sultan to mark the diplomatic relationship between the two countries. The entourage stayed on this settlement until Portuguese occupation in 1511. Today, Bukit China is the largest Chinese cemetery outside China with tombs dating back to the Ming Dynasty.

7. A Famosa Built in 1511 by the Portuguese as a fortress, A Famosa sustained severe structural damage during the Dutch invasion. Timely intervention by Sir Stamford Raffles in 1808 saved the fortress from Dutch destruction.

8. Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum Called Millionaire’s Row, Jalan Tun Ten Cheng Lock is lined with row houses that were built by the Dutch and later bought by wealthy Peranakans; the architectural style reflects their East-meets-West lifestyle. The Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum sits at nos. 48 and 50 as a museum of Peranakan heritage. The entrance fee includes a guided tour.

9. Malacca Sultanate Palace The wooden replica based on the description in the Malay Annals, the Malacca Sultanate Palace houses the Cultural Museum of Malacca at the foot of St. Paul’s Hill.


Transportation

Located 144 km from Kuala Lumpur, 244 km from Johor and 290 km from Kuantan, Melaka can be reached by regular express buses from major towns on Peninsular Malaysia.

There is also a ferry service to Melaka from Dumai in Indonesia.

•Flight
9 kilometers from the city of Malacca town has a small airport. From Singapore, Ipoh has a daily flight from Portland differentiable three flights a week arrived here, Malacca to Kuala Lumpur by air just 30 minutes.

•Highway
Malacca to Singapore, long-distance buses and taxis to be 3 hours. In Penang - North Sea - Ipoh - Malacca, Singapore - Johor Bahru (Johor Bahru) - Malacca. Bus to Malacca from Kuala Lumpur about 3 hours.