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Sabah is one of the states out of thirteen states in Malaysia. Its located north of the island of Borneo. Sabah is the second largest state which after Sarawak. Kota Kinabalu is the capital of Sabah. Sabah were divided into three major ethnic groups: Chinese, Kadazan and Bajau, respectively, communicate with Chinese, English, Kadazan and Malay as well. Knowledge of Sabah, you will be surprised towards the abundant of leisure resources of Malaysia.

Population and Area

The population of Sabah is 3,214,200 as of 2010. Sabah is the third most populous state in Malaysia after Selangor and Johor. Sabah to become one the highest population growth rates in the country as a result of illegal immigration from the Philippines poorest area. The ethnic groups in Sabah are included Kadazan-Dusun, Chinese, Bajau, Malay, Murut and so on. Malays and Bumibutra groups accounted for 60.4% (11.5% of Malays, 49% of Bumibutra groups). The largest groups of non-Bumiputra is foreigner which accounted for approximately 26%. The Chinese groups accounted for 9.3%. Mandarin is the main language for Chinese community. The predominant Chinese dialect group is Hakka, followed by Cantonese, Hokkien, Teochew, Hainanese and other Chinese dialects. Most Chinese people in Sabah are concentrated in the major cities and towns, namely Kota Kinabalu, Sandakan and Tawau and other places. The largest indigenous ethnic group is Kadazan-Dusun, followed by Bajau, and Murut. Various ethnic groups have their own language, Malay is the official language, but the school in the early eighties or before (to replace the British Malaysian Certificate of Education GCE before), Sabah people are still use English for writing and communication. Dusun Kadazan tribe generally used Kadazan text, used English or Malay to communicate. Sabah's total area is 76,115 s.q kilometers.

Local Cuisine and Products

1. Tuaran Mee - Tuaran Mee is making by hand.The traditional mee-making process made the mee smooth and tasty delicious. You can request the mee cooking method with soup, or fried. Generally the Tuaran Mee served with pork, egg rolls, vegetables, etc.
2. Fish Head Noodle Soup- The soup of Fish Head Noodle is made from fish bone and meal which boiled for a long time. Some of the fish head have added condensed milk, made the soup more tasty. Fish Head Noodle served with plump fish, pickles and tomato.
3. Niu Za Mian - This special food served with beef offal, beef, beef balls, beef pieces, tripe, tendons, tongue and other edible parts of cattle. All the assorted miscellaneous piece mix together with beef soup and mee become Niu Za Mian. This food was very famous at Sabah.
4. Laksa Curry Noodle - Curry Laksa is a curry soup by adding chicken, bean sprouts, tofu, shrimp and noodles. This Laksa Curry Noodle is spicy taste.
5. Hinava (A kind of pickled fish)- Kadazan group are famous for pickled fish with many types of fish. The most notably is shark fish meat. The shark fish cut into small pieces, add red chili, ginger, green films, together with lime juice for the marinade and pickled. Some people like to eat the fresh Hinava, while others like to taste after few days .
6. Butod- Live swallow Butod! if you dare to put Butod into your mouth directly. Most of the people rather enjoy to taste the Butod which being fried or grilled. The taste of Butod like peanut butter.
7. Lihing / Tapai (A kind of wine)-This kind of wine are been served at any festival for Kadazan Dusun group. This kind of delicious wine with special recipes, usually put in a large ceramic urn (siopon) at any celebration festival party. The guests take turns use straw to suck the wine. It is said that when Aborigines brewing rice wine, there are many taboos must be observed, for example, do not angry or feeling bad once making the rice wine, otherwise, it will spawn a bitter or sour wine.

Tourist Attractions

1. Tunku Abdul Rahman Park
The marine park is a cluster of islands comprising Manukan Island, Gaya Island, Sapi Island, Sulung Island and Mamutik Island, all only 10-20 minute speedboat ride form the city of Kota Kinabalu. Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park, with the original natural beauty. This five islands of the Marine Park are characterized by shallow waters, sumptuous coral gardens and all boast splendid white sandy beaches. Sapi Island has a variety of water sport activities such as snorkeling, windsurfing, parachute, banana boat which visitors have fun with this activities. There have BBQ serve on the beach then at noon time, which visitors can enjoy the original flavor of the BBQ. Every year, many tourists are being attracts by its natural landscape of the park with the short distance from the city.

2. Central Market
There is a water village along the seafront of Kota Kinabalu city area, where the jetties are lined with berthing of recreational boats, fishing boats and commercial ships. The bustling Central Market sits midway along the waterfront. This Market selling variety of different types of seafood. An early morning excursion will allow you to catch the whole process from fishermen unloading their harvest from their boat directly onto to market tables. Around the fish village, there are many local women display the fresh fruits and vegetables brought down from the farms in the foothills of Mount Kinabalu.

3. Mangrove Ecological Zone
An undeveloped beach and wild forest ecological zone. You able to see a unique mangrove fiddler crabs and mudskippers, and watch the full landscape of Sabah's largest mangrove forest. In addition, a lot of activities such as fishing red hairy sea crab, Batik DIY, sepak takraw (Malay’s football), beach volleyball, karaoke, Malay cakes tea and other activities is waiting for you.

4. Survivors Island
Survivors Island is located in the southwest of Sabah. It is an natural island. This island is one of seven national parks of Sabah with the area of ​​158 square kilometers. The island is being protected. Its feel pure and natural.

5. Layang Layang Island
Layang Layang Island is full of charming and tropical marine life. It is located one hundred sixty-five sea miles north of Sabah. This island about 7 km wide and 1.2 kilometers long. It is a oceanic atoll is situated in the South China Sea about 300km north-west of Kota Kinabalu. With around 1,665 to 1,997 meters deep sea, its be the excellent dive master swim location. There are variety of different types of coral and coral reef fish in this marine park.

This island is the haven for thousands of migratory bird. Layang Layang Island provided accommodation in which travelers can choose an ordinary cabin or hotel. To arrange for island tours or diving trips, contact with travel agents. Usually the fee are include rental equipment, tour guide, accommodation, meals and transportation as well.

6. Kinabalu National Park

7. Sandakan
Sepilok Orang Utan Sanctuary (The world’s largets Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre)

8.Gomantong Cave

9. Sipadan Island

10. Kota Kinabalu - Sabah State Museum

11. Tawau Hill National ParkTraffic


Sabah's traffic is not too developed. There only have general road network, visitors able to reach other town within Sabah by take bus . Some areas still need to use a boat or four-wheel drive vehicle to reach the place .As a result, there are lack of education and medical equipment at some rural areas. There is no electric and water supply, sometime they use helicopters to send the patient to hospital. •Flight
Travel by plane will be one of the options for visitors to Sabah. These main airline Malaysia Airlines, Dragonair and Air Asia. Almost every town has its own airport, but due to the developed of land based transport, some have been abandoned. Kota Kinabalu International Airport is the second busiest airport within Malaysia. This airport have direct flights to China, Macau, Taiwan, Japan, Philippines and other international airport.

Mini bus are popular at the major cities of Sabah. The bus provider is Penampang United Transport (PUT) . The success of the satellite city of Kota Kinabalu city can take long distance bus or taxi go Sandakan, Tawau, Keningau, Kudat and Sarawak as well. Currently, there have two bus companies Labuk Road Bus Ltd. and Leila Road Bus Ltd.to provide bus service at two main routes at Sandakan.

Sabah have retains the only one Borneo’s tracks. Although it's glory days are gone, but some people still take the train to the city. Now, this train also used for sightseeing purposes, visitors can explore the scenic countryside of Sabah.